Bipolar disorder can seriously disrupt a person’s life which is why treatment of this illness is vital to maintaining a normal, structured life. Without treatment bipolar disorder can affect every area of a person’s daily life.
Treating Bipolar Disorder I and II with Medication
There are several medications available to help treat bipolar disorder. If one doesn’t seem to help, a patient’s physician may adjust the dose or prescribe a different medication; the success of a particular treatment varies among individuals. There are three main types of medication used to treat bipolar disorder: mood stabilizers, anti-seizure and antidepressants.
Mood stabilizers are the most commonly prescribed medications for this disorder. These medications will help stabilize and regulate moods so a person doesn’t experience bipolar episodes, experiencing powerful bouts of mania and depression.
To prevent mood swings in a bipolar patient, a doctor may prescribe anti-seizure medications. These are prescribed to people with bipolar II disorder who are deemed to have rapid-cycling bipolar disorder.
Antidepressants may not be effective in treating bipolar disorder. It was once common to prescribe these but it is now controversial because some believe they may actually trigger mania in bipolar patients.
Certain anti-psychotic medications may also help in treating this disorder. A certain drug, quetiapine (Seroquel) treats both manic and depressive episodes and has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
All medications have side effects so patients should provide the doctor a full list of current medication as well as any preexisting conditions. A woman who wants to get pregnant in the near future should tell her doctor so the medication with the least health risks can be prescribed.
Treating Bipolar Disorder I and II with Therapy
Therapy can be very helpful in treating bipolar disorder; therapy is often used in conjunction with medication. A common form of individual therapy is cognitive behavioral therapy. A person will learn stress management, what may trigger his/her episodes and replace unhealthy, negative beliefs and behaviors with positive, healthy ones.
Family therapy will help identify and reduce stress triggers within the family and can help improve communication. Group therapy is a forum to speak and listen to others in a similar situation who also have bipolar disorder or another form of mental illness.
ECT, or electroconvulsive therapy, involves passing electric currents through the brain to trigger a seizure. The seizure may cause changes in brain chemistry to improve mood. This therapy is mainly for people who suffer from episodes of severe depression with suicidal tendencies or haven’t seen improvement with other treatments.
Bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness and treatment may also need to be lifelong where prescription drug rehab Miami can be of help. There’s no surefire way to prevent bipolar disorder but getting treatment at the earliest sign will help a person. Without treatment a person may be prone to legal, financial and relationship problems, as well as, suicide, substance and drug abuse, isolation and poor work or school performance, so seeking treatment for bipolar disorder is essential.